Prognosia Offers Speech Therapy In Gurgaon
If your child has a speech disability that includes trouble pronouncing words, speech therapy may help improve language development, communication, and pragmatic language skills.
Speech therapy is an intervention service that focuses on improving a child and adult’s speech and abilities to understand and express language, including nonverbal language.
How It Benefits
Language intervention activities: The SLP will interact with a child by playing and talking, using pictures, books, objects, or ongoing events to stimulate language development. The therapist may also model correct vocabulary and grammar and use repetition exercises to build language skills.
Articulation therapy: Articulation, or sound production, exercises involve having the therapist model correct sounds and syllables in words and sentences for a child, often during play activities. The level of play is age-appropriate and related to the child’s specific needs. The SLP will physically show the child how to make certain sounds, such as the “r” sound, and may demonstrate how to move the tongue to produce specific sounds.
What conditions are treated with speech therapy?
Dysarthria- Articulation Disorders
Difficulties producing sounds in syllables or saying words incorrectly to the point that listeners can’t understand what’s being said. Dysarthria is a speech disorder caused by muscle weakness. It can make it hard for you to talk. People may have trouble understanding what you say.
We use many muscles to talk. These include muscles in our face, lips, tongue, and throat, as well as muscles for breathing. It is harder to talk when these muscles are weak. Dysarthria happens when you have weak muscles due to brain damage. It is a motor speech disorder and can be mild or severe.
To speak, messages must go from your brain to your mouth. These messages tell the muscles how and when to move to make sounds. When you have apraxia of speech, the messages do not get through correctly, due to brain damage.
Apraxia of speech is sometimes called acquired apraxia of speech, verbal apraxia, or dyspraxia. It is a motor speech disorder. How severe your apraxia is depending on what type of brain damage you have. Apraxia can happen at the same time as other speech or language problems. You may have muscle weakness in your mouth. This is called dysarthria.
Children can also have apraxia. This is called childhood apraxia of speech. If you have apraxia, you may:
- Have trouble imitating and saying sounds on your own. You may add new sounds, leave sounds out, or say sounds the wrong way.
- Be able to say something the right way one time but the wrong way the next time.
- Move your tongue and lips to get them into the right place as you try to say sounds. This is called groping.
- Speak more slowly.
- Be able to say things that you say all the time—like “Hello” or “How are you?”—without much trouble. This is called automatic speech.
- Not be able to say any sounds at all. This may happen in severe cases.
Talking to people can be hard if you stutter. You may get stuck on certain words or sounds. You may feel tense or uncomfortable. You might change words to avoid stuttering. Speech-language pathologists can help.
We all have times when we do not speak smoothly. We may add “uh” or “you know” to what we say. Or, we may say a sound or word more than once. These dis-fluencies are normal if they happen every once in a while. When it happens a lot, it may be stuttering.
People who stutter may have the following types of dis-fluencies:
- Blocks. This happens when you have a hard time getting the word out. You may pause for a long time or not be able to make a sound. For example, “I want a …… cookie.”
- Prolongations. You may stretch a sound out for a long time, like cooooooooooookie
- Repetitions. You may repeat parts of words, like co-co-co-cookie.
A person with aphasia may have trouble understanding, speaking, reading, or writing. Speech-language pathologists can help.
Aphasia is a language disorder that happens when you have brain damage. Your brain has two halves. Language skills are in the left half of the brain in most people. Damage on that side of your brain may lead to language problems. Damage on the right side of your brain may cause other problems, like poor attention or memory.
Aphasia may make it hard for you to understand, speak, read, or write. It does not make you less smart or cause problems with the way you think.
If you have aphasia, you may:
- Can’t think of the words you want to say.
- Switch sounds in words. For example, you might say “wish dasher” for “dishwasher.”
- Use made-up words.
- Find it hard to understand what others say when it is noisy or you are in a group.
- Have trouble understanding jokes.
- Reading forms, books, and computer screens.
- Spelling and putting words together to write sentences.
- Using numbers or doing math. For example, it may be hard to tell time, count money, or add and subtract.
Tips for Communicating with a Person Who Has speech disorder
- Get attention before you start speaking.
- Keep eye contact. Watch body language and the gestures.
- Talk in a quiet place. Turn off the TV or radio.
- Keep your voice at a normal level. You do not need to talk louder unless I ask you to.
- Keep the words you use simple but adult. Don’t “talk down”.
- Use shorter sentences. Repeat key words that you want me to understand.
- Slow down your speech.
- Give time to speak. It may take little longer.
- Try using drawings, gestures, writing, and facial expressions. I may understand those better than words sometimes.
- Ask to draw, write, or point when having trouble talking.
- Ask me “yes” and “no” questions. Those are easier than questions that I have to answer in words or sentences.
- Let me make mistakes sometimes. I may not be able to say everything perfectly all the time.
- Let me try to do things for myself. I may need to try a few times. Help me when I ask for it.