Sports Injury Rehabilitation



Sports injuries refer to a broad category of injuries in various parts of the body, which can be caused due to strenuous activities, such as sports. There are certain parts of the body that are more prone to damage from sports injuries. Below are the top 8 most common types of sports injuries. The top three categories (Runner’s Knee, Shoulder Injury, and Ankle Sprain) comprise more than 80% of all sports injuries.

Runner’s Knee:

Runner’s knee is the most common type of sports injury. The problem happens most commonly to runners, cyclists, swimmers, as well as people who practice aerobics, play football, basketball and volleyball. Overuse of the knee leads to irritation of the tendon below the knee cap which results in this problem.

Knee Ligament Injuries (ACL Tear/MCL Tear/PCL Tear/Meniscus Tear):

Knee injuries can be the result of getting hit on the knee, falling down, or landing on a flexed knee. These are most common to footballers. These typically involve the ligaments that hold two of the bones of the knee – the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), the medial cruciate ligament (MCL), or the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL).

Shoulder Injury (Rotator Cuff Tear): 

These injuries occur mostly during tennis, swimming, and volleyball. The chief cause of these problems is the overuse of the shoulder, which loosens the rotator cuff (a group of tendons and muscles around the shoulder).

Ankle Sprain:

Ankle sprains are common to any activity that involves jumping, running or turning quickly (e.g., playing football, basketball etc.). Such motion can lead to twisting of the ankle and possible tearing of a tendon/ligament.

Tennis Elbow:

Tennis Elbow involves tendon degeneration in the elbow due to repeated backhand strokes common to tennis. This condition leads to pain on the outside of the elbow. Golfers Elbow impacts the inside of the elbow, due to the inflammation of the muscles responsible for forearm flexing.

Golfer’s Elbow:

Golfer’s elbow is a condition that causes pain where the tendons of your forearm muscles attach to the bony bump on the inside of your elbow. The pain might spread into your forearm and wrist.

Golfer’s elbow is similar to tennis elbow, which occurs on the outside of the elbow. It’s not limited to golfers. Tennis players and others who repeatedly use their wrists or clench their fingers also can develop golfer’s elbow.

The pain of a golfer’s elbow doesn’t have to keep you off the course or away from your favourite activities. Rest and appropriate treatment can get you back into the swing of things.

Shin Splints:


Shin Splints refers to pain on the inside of the shinbone caused by inflammation of the surrounding muscles. These occur mostly in cases of inactive people who start working out and increase their intensity too fast.

Groin Strain:

This refers to a strain the adductor muscles, situated in the upper thigh which help to pull the legs together and causes sharp pain and swelling on the inside of the thigh. This usually happens when one changes directions suddenly while running.

Hamstring Strain:

The hamstrings are the muscles behind your thighs. Hamstring strains most commonly occur due to inadequate warming up or excessive fatigue.

Prevention of sports injuries

One of the easiest, yet most important prevention technique for sport injuries is to choose the correct shoes and insoles, and keep replacing them regularly as they get worn out.

Running on a softer surface like an indoor track rather than the road or pavement can also prevent a number of injuries.

To prevent shoulder injuries, it is most important to strengthen your muscles through weight training before getting involved in active sports.

Always stretch properly before and after exercise, and do not work out when you are weak or fatigued.

Never resume your sports activities until your injury is fully healed. Restarting activity too soon can lead to chronic issues.

Price Therapy

Minor injuries, such as mild sprains and strains, can often be initially treated at home using PRICE therapy for two or three days.

Protection –protect the affected area from further injury 

Rest –Avoid exercise and reduce your daily physical activity.

Ice – Apply an ice pack to the affected area for 15-20 minutes every two to three hours.

Compression – use elastic compression bandages during the day to limit swelling.

Elevation – keep the injured body part raised above the level of your heart whenever possible.



It’s a specialist treatment where techniques such as massage, manipulation and exercises are used to improve range of motion, strengthen the surrounding muscles, and return the normal function of the injured area.

A physiotherapist can also develop an exercise programme to help strengthen the affected body part and reduce the risk of the injury recurring.


Depending on the site of injury, different braces (e.g., thigh brace, elbow brace, arch brace, wrist brace, ankle brace, or knee brace) can be used to restrict the motion of the impacted part, control pain and speed up the recovery process.